نحوه ایجاد vSphere Distributed Switch و Port Group

VMware vSphere Distributed Switch (VDS) provides a centralized VM network administration and that eases the management burden by treating the network as an aggregated resource.vSphere distributed switch can be divided as two logical sections. 1.Data Plane2. Management Plane.Data Plane is responsible for packet switching, filtering, tagging etc…Management plane  just provides the complete control structure to the administrator to manage the data plane.

In VDS, each ESXi host’s virtual switches are abstracted in to one large pool. This VDS switch can be spanning across multiple ESXi hosts within the datacenter. Each vCenter server instance can support up to 128VDS and each VDS can handle up to 500 hosts.

Here we will see how to create a new vSphere distributed Virtual switch and port group .

Environment:VMware vSphere 5.5

1. Login to vSphere client and Navigate to networking tab.

Navigating to VMware networking tab
Navigating to VMware networking tab

 

2.Right click on the Datacenter and click on “New vSphere Distributed virtual switch”

Create a new vSphere Distributed Switch
Create a new vSphere Distributed Switch

 

3.Select the highest version of vSphere distributed if you not planning to span across vpshere 5.1

Create a new vSphere Distributed Switch - Select version
Create a new vSphere Distributed Switch – Select version

 

4.Enter the vSphere distributed switch name and select the number of uplinks.Uplink ports connect a vSphere Distributed switch to physical NICS on associated ESXi hosts.Click next to continue.

Enter the vSphere Distributed switch Name
Enter the vSphere Distributed switch Name

 

5.Here is a option to add the ESXi’s hosts to VDS. Let me add it later.

Select to add the host later
Select to add the host later

 

6.vSphere distributed switch is ready to create. Here you have option to create a port group automatically .If you create a port group now , you can’t rename the up-links which is created with system generated name. So i just un-check that box and we will create it later.Click finish to create the VDS now.

Ready to complete VDS

Ready to complete VDS

 

7.Now you can see new vSphere distributed switch is created along with uplink. You can  rename the uplinks port by editing it .

VDS switch and uplinks ports
VDS switch and uplinks ports

We have successfully created vSphere distributed switch.For your information, we just created the VDS on the vCenter server. Once we added ESXi host to VDS, same switch information will be updated on the ESXi hosts.

vSphere distributed switch - High Level view
vSphere distributed switch – High Level view

Click next page to see the port group creation and adding the ESXi hosts to vSphere Distributed switch.

After creating the vSphere Distributed switch , you need to create the port groups for networking and segregate the VLAN.

1. Right click on the vSphere Distributed switch and click on new port group.

Creating new port group
Creating new port group

 

2.Enter the port group name (Meaning full name),Select number of port and enter the VLAN if any.Multiple VLAN can be given here by selecting the VLAN trunking.

Creating new port group - Name and VLAN,VLAN trunking
Creating new port group – Name and VLAN,VLAN trunking

 

3.Click finish to create a new port group with desired vlan.

New port group created
New port group – VM-PORTG1

We have successfully created vSphere distributed switch port group  and now we are here .

vSphere distributed switch portgroup
vSphere distributed switch port-group

In this section,we will see how to add the ESXi hosts to vSphere distributed switch.

1.Right click on the vSphere Distributed switch and click on “Add host”.

Adding ESXi host  to VDS switch
Adding ESXi host to VDS switch

 

2.Here you can see both the ESXi hosts and networking information.Select the physical NIC which is not used by vSphere standard switch .This will eliminate the network interruption on other networks.

Select ESXi host network links
Select ESXi host network links

 

3.In this window,you have option to migrate the VMware ESXi host networking and ISCSI adapter. If you migrate the VMware  ESXi networking to vSphere distributed switch, there is no way to bring the network back to vSphere standard switch on fly. If you migrate the iSCSI adapter to VDS, there is possibility of storage disconnection. vCenter will show the impact if you try to migrate that.Here i am not performing any migration and its out of scope.

Adding Esxi host networking to VDS switch 16

4.This wizard provides an option to migrate the virtual machine  from vSphere standard switch to VDS (vSphere Distributed switch).

VM migration options
VM migration options

 

5.Click finish to add two ESXi hosts to vSphere distributed switch.

Summary of VDS networking
Summary of VDS networking

We have successfully added  ESXi hosts to VDS(vSphere Distributed Switch) and those ESXi’s “vmnic3” will be added to the uplinks port of VDS.

The below high level diagram will help you understand better.

Final vSphere distributed switch and port overview
Final vSphere distributed switch and port overview

For your information, ESXi hosts and VM’s continue to operate with vSphere distributed switch without vCenter server too since the VDS configuration copies are placed on the hypervisor.

Here is an article to demonstrate VM migration from vSphere standard switch to vSphere Distributed switch.

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